Smoke Signals to VoIP: A Communications Timeline

Smoke Signals to VoIP: A Communications Timeline

Communication is the ability and means of sharing information. Its history dates as far back as the earliest signs of life because as the early man exchanged signals and speech with his fellow man and other animals, he was actually communicating. However, communication has developed rapidly over the years as it grew from speech to symbols, with writing and telecommunication coming up in the recent past. Communication has affected people’s lives in no little way as the needs of people are passed across. For instance, those that need the supply of goods and services communicate to get them; security is ensured as the police, fire department; people are entertained and updated with information through the radio, television and internet; government can meet the needs of the people; and very importantly, families and friends that live far apart can keep in touch with one another. Only the future can tell what higher levels of communication this Information Age will be launched into, but it all began long ago…

3500BC-2900BC

         The Phoenicians created the first alphabets.

The Sumerians bring forth a style of writing pictographs on clay tablets known as the Cuneiform writing and the Egyptians created the hieroglyphic writing.

 1775BC

Greeks use an alphabet of sounds that is written from the left side to right.

1400BC

         The first record of writing on bones in China

1270BC

         The writing of the first encyclopedia recorded in Syria.

900BC

         The first postal service to be used by the government in China.

776BC

Homing pigeons is recorded to be used for the first time to send information on the winner of the Olympic Games to the Athenians.

530BC

         The very first library is started by the Greeks.

500BC-170BC

The first portable and little writing surfaces made from dried reeds is invented (Papyrus rolls and early parchments).

200BC-100BC

Messenger relay stations built with human messengers on foot or horseback often seen in Egypt and China. Fire messages also used in place of humans.

14

         Romans build postal services.

37

Roman Emperor Tiberius first use mirrors to send messages (Heliographs).

100

         Books are bound for the first time.

105

         Paper is invented as it is now by Tsai Lun of China.

305

The first wooden press in which symbols are carved on a block of wood is made in China.

1049

         Pi Sheng from China make the first clay movable type.

1450

         The first newspapers seen in Europe.

1455

         First metal movable type invented by Johannes Gutenberg.

1560

         Primitive image making developed by Camera Obscura.

1650

         Leipzig, the first daily newspaper is invented.

1714

The first patent for typewriter is given to Henry Mill, an Englishman.

1793

First long distance semaphore telegraph line (that can be seen) is made by Claude Chappe.

1814

         First photographic image is invented by Joseph Nicaphore.

1821

The first microphone, a primitive sound box is invented by Charles Wheatstone.

1831

First long distance electric telegraph line is developed by Samuel Morse.

         Patent for the first fax machine received by Alexander Bain.

1861

         Pony Express for mail delivery begins in the U S.

Kinematoscope that flashes many still photographs on a screen is developed by Coleman Sellers.

1867

         First modern typewriter, Sholes is achieved in America.

1876

Patent for mimeograph, a copying machine for use in an office is given to Thomas Edison.

Patent for electric telephone given to Alexander Graham Bell.

Dewey Decimal System is written by Melvyl Dewey for ordering books in a library.

1877

Patent for a record player (Phonograph) with wax cylinder as recording medium is received by Thomas Edison.

         High speed photography invented by Eadweard Muybridge

1887

Emile Berliner creates a style of recording on gramophone, which is a mode of communication that can be used repeatedly.

1888

         George Eastman is given patent for Kodak roll film camera.

1889

Almon Strowger was given patent for automatic telephone exchange.

1894

         Guglielmo Marconi makes wireless telegraphy better.

1898

         Answering machines for telephone invented.

1899

The first magnetic recordings whose medium for recording is magnetized steel tape is in vented by Vladimir Poulsen, which tater became a foundation for the music recording industry and large data storage on disk and tapes. Loudspeakers were also invented in this year.

1902

Guglielmo Marconi achieves the first radio signal across the Atlantic Ocean from Cornwall to Newfoundland.

1904

         Comic books were produced.

1906

Lee deforest develops the electronic amplifying tube that enables all signals to be amplified and improved communications.

1910

         Thomas Edison exhibits the first motion picture with talking.

1914

         First telephone call was made across continent.

1916

         First radios having different stations were established.

1923

Vladimir Kosma Zworykin invents the first television camera.

1925

The first television signal on experiment transmitted by John Logie Baird.

1926

Warner Brothers studio improves on Thomas Edison’s work by finding a way sound can be recorded differently from the film on big disks and running the sound and moving pictures at the same time.

1927

         Two radio networks were started by NBC.

The CBS and the first broadcast in England also began this year.

Warner Brothers brings out the first talking motion picture-“The Jazz singer”.

1930

         The “Golden Age” of radio increases the popularity of radio.

         The US starts her first television broadcast.

1934

         First magnetic recording begun by Joseph.

1938

Television broadcasts, not only played live but now can be played and recorded.

1939

         Television broadcasts on schedule begun

1944

The age of information science begins as government begins to own computers like Harvard Mark I.

1948

         33 revs per min long playing records.

Transistor that helped reduce the size of electronic devices invented

1949

         The US begins network television.

         Record that uses 45 revs-per-minute is invented.

1951

         Commercial sale of computers began.

1958

         Xerox machine (photocopier) produced by Chester Carlson.

         Integrated circuits invented.

1963

         In US, Zip codes invented.

1966

         Xerox achieves the first fax machine-Telecopier.

1969

         The first internet known as ARPANET began.

1971

         Floppy disc invented.

         The microprocessor brought forth.

1972

         HBO produces cable TV services for pay.

1976

         Invention of Apple I home computer.

Ted turner implements the first nation wide programming through satellite.

1979

         Cellular phone communication began in Japan.

1980

         Invention of Sony walkman

1981

         First sale of IBM PC and the first public sale of laptop computers are recorded.

1983

         Cellular phone communication started in US.

1984

         The Apple Macintosh and IBM PC AT are invented.

1985

         People began to appreciate the use of cellular phones on a wide scale. Also, CD-ROMs were invented for the computer in the same year.

1994

The birth of World Wide Web, causing the speed of communication to soar in the internet world.

Today, development in communication has also led to the establishment of VoIP. VoIP means Voice over Internet Protocol. It is used to send across voice information via phones and laptops. It is very effective and cheap in modern technology.

  • The Phoenician alphabet: This can be said to be what gave birth to modern writing.
  • Phoenician writing: The Phoenician alphabets were developed at about 1,000 BC. They constituted about 22 characters.
  • History of communication/technology: The site discusses the past inventions that led to modern writing today. There is also a look at what writing will be likr in the 2024.
  • Paper and Chinese culture: The site shows a detailed description of what writing used to be like in China.
  • The first postal service in China: China began her first postal service between 1111 and 255 BC. The postal system was enviable and effective throughout the country and beyond.    
  • Allied homing pigeons: The homing pigeons were effectively used during the World War II to send secret messages. At first, there were about 200,000 pigeons in use for this.
  • The Papyrus rolls: The Papyrus rolls were used to document very long written information. It was commonly used among government officials.
  • In the Beginning: In the Beginning, sending message was not as easy as it is today. Messages were sent via human messengers, pidgeons, mirrors, flags, fire beacons and telegraphs.
  • The Heliograph: The heliograph was a device that was made to send message by using reflective mirrors.   
  • The invention of paper: Paper was invented by a Chinese man called Ts’ai Lun. He used bamboo fibers and mulberry tree to achieve this feat.
  • The invention of the printing press: The printing press was invented in the 1400’s by Johann Gutenberg. The printing press was used to print the Gutenberg Bible in 1455, which was the first printed book in Europe.
  •  The camera Obscura: The camera was the device that led to the invention of photography. It worked by allowing light pass through a tiny hole on it.
  • The history of newspapers: In 1650, the world’s oldest daily newspaper was established in Leipzig. The name of the newspaper was “Einkommende Zeitung”. It was a German newspaper.
  • Samuel Morse: Samuel Morse was the inventor of the Morse code and made improvements on the telegraph.
  • The history of electroacoustic music: Electroacoustic music was performed by devices that helped in the development of communication. Some of them were the telegraph and the telephone.        
  • Ancient typewriters of interest: Some of the old typewriters used in communication include the Sphinx, the Edison Mimeograph and the Saturn.
  • Inventor of the gramophone: The Gramophone (an instrument for communicating) was invented by Emile Berliner. He lived between 1851 and 1929.
  •  The golden age of radio: The period was between 1930 and 1950. It is called the golden age because it was at this time that radio became the most effective means of communication.
  • History of the broadcast media: The broadcast media has gone through a lot of modifications since the radio and television were put into use.
  • The revolution of the internet: The internet is now widely used to communicate across several countries in the world at the same time. Its invention started around 1965.
  • ARPANET: ARPANET was the stepping stone of the developments achieved on the internet today.
  • Timeline of the computer: The site is detailed in information about the step by step development of the computer.
  • History of the cell phone: The timeline begins with Michael Faraday’s effort in finding out how space can conduct electricity.
  • What is VoIP? VoIP means Voice over Identification Protocol. With this technology, one can send information with voice via the internet.

The history of communications: Communication methods today really show that this is the “information age”. It was not like before the 20th century when researches were still being made.   



 
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