Nextiva networking guidelines

Guaranteeing the best audio quality with Nextiva Voice service involves maintaining a stable Internet connection and configuring the local network with the correct settings. See the guidelines below to ensure the local network is operating at peak efficiency.

  1. Verify the local network quality: Bandwidth, Packet Loss, and Jitter
  2. Add Firewall Access Rules
  3. Remove Double NAT
  4. Disable SIP ALG

Verifying the local network quality: bandwidth, packet loss, and jitter

The underlying Internet connection from a local ISP is the most critical factor in delivering high-quality audio. Low bandwidth, packet loss, or jitter causes choppy audio, voice delays, echoing, and dropped calls for Nextiva customers.

 

To learn more about bandwidth, click here.

To learn more about packet Loss, click here.

To learn more about jitter, click here.

Adding firewall access rules

Firewall Access Rules control the flow of inbound and outbound Internet traffic from the local network to the public Internet. Both routers and firewalls use access rules to control traffic and verify the source and destination addresses are permitted to send and receive traffic on the local network.

NOTE: Many router and firewall manufacturers have different interfaces. Nextiva suggests that a Network Administrator familiar with the local networking equipment enter Nextiva’s Firewall Access Rules.

Nextiva recommends that a local Network Administrator whitelist the following rules in the firewall:

  • Nextiva Range 1: 208.73.144.0 – 208.73.151.255
  • Nextiva Range 2: 208.89.108.0 – 208.89.111.255
  • Nextiva Fax: 69.43.151.128 – 69.43.151.254
  • Unity: 185.42.19.40 & 185.42.19.38 & 83.142.25.183 & 83.142.25.185 (Domains: portal.unityclient.com & im.unityclient.com)

NOTE: After configuring the firewall, move Nextiva’s access rules to ensure that any access rules blocking Internet traffic are prioritized below Nextiva’s access rules.

Adding SIP and RTP ports

When adding firewall access rules, make sure to also put in rules allowing traffic on the SIP ports and RTP ports. By default, most advanced firewalls will block these.

  1. Choose “Dst IP” for distribution IP address
  2. Enter the server address (208.73.144.0/21 and 208.89.108.0/22)
  3. Make the classification apply to “TCP/UDP” for the NextOS and enter the appropriate ports per model listed below.

Nextiva Application

  • RTP: 5200-5300
  • Additional RTP Ports: 8500 – 8598

NOTE: The Nextiva App uses XMPP ports for its RTP.

Cisco

  • SIP: 5060-5080
  • RTP: 16384-32766

Aastra

  • SIP: 5060-5080
  • RTP: 3000

Panasonic

  • SIP: 5060-5080
  • RTP: 16000-20000

Grandstream

  • SIP: 5060-5080
  • RTP: 5000-6000

Linksys & Cisco SPA Phones

  • SIP: 5060-5080
  • RTP: 16000-17000

Yealink

  • SIP: 5060-5090
  • RTP: 11780 – 12780

VTech

  • SIP: 5060-5090
  • RTP: 18000-19000

X series

  • SIP: 5060-5090
  • RTP: 49150 – 65535

Snom

  • SIP: 5060-5080
  • RTP: 49152-65534

Removing double NAT

Double NAT (Network Address Translation) causes intermittent issues that include but are not limited to:

  • One-way audio
  • Phone deregistration
  • Unsuccessful transfers
  • Error messages when dialing a phone number
  • Call Groups not ringing properly
  • Dropped calls

Routers and Gateways are both networking devices that perform NAT, which helps route incoming Internet traffic to the correct device on the local network. Nextiva recommends that a Network Administrator ensure the WAN IP of the local network is an IP address that falls outside the private address ranges in the chart below:

To learn more about Double NAT, click here.

Disabling SIP ALG

Manufacturers often enable SIP ALG by default, and since this setting only affects VoIP services, SIP ALG often goes unnoticed.

To resolve this problem, Nextiva sends VoIP traffic over ports 5062 to 5090. Even with this safeguard, SIP ALG can cause one-way audio, deregistrations, or dropped calls. Nextiva recommends the Network Administrator disable SIP ALG on the router or firewall.

To learn more about SIP ALG, click here.

Need additional help? Click here.

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Cameron J. | with Nextiva since 2018
Allison D. | with Nextiva since 2018
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